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Itaipu and the Avá Guarani
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Itaipu develops a series of initiatives aimed at guaranteeing the way of life of the Avá Guarani indigenous community. These initiatives are part of the Sustainability of Indigenous Communities program, which serves approximately 290 families (approximately 1,450 people), distributed in three communities (Ocoy, in the municipality of São Miguel do Iguaçu, and Añetete and Itamarã, in Diamante D'Oeste).
In these three areas, Itaipu acts with financial and human resources, through agreements with the respective municipalities, contributing significantly to the improvement of the quality of life in these communities.
The actions are defined and coordinated by the Ava Guarani Management Committee, created in 2004, which brings together representatives of indigenous communities, municipal governments, and other partner institutions, such as the State and Federal Public Ministry, Funai (National Foundation for Indigenous People), Funasa (National Foundation for Health), the Environmental Institute of Paraná (IAP) and Ibama (Brazilian National Institute of the Environment).
The activities of the program are organized in three axes:
1. Food and Nutrition Security
The actions of Food and Nutrition Security focus especially on the fight against the malnutrition of children and care for pregnant women. Itaipu provides support to the partners that execute them, such as the National Secretariat for Indigenous Health, the Pastoral da Criança, and the prefectures.
2. Agriculture and Infrastructure
Within this axis, economic activities of great interest to the indigenous are developed, since they are aimed at guaranteeing their subsistence - such as technical assistance and the supply of inputs to family and collective gardens, and the raising of fish in Ocoy and cattle in the Añetete and Itamarã (both with financial support from Itaipu).
The initiative also has indigenous and non-indigenous technical assistance, strengthening the participatory certification process for the marketing of organic products. And it stimulates public policies, such as the marketing of products made mainly by the National School Feeding Program (PNAE) and the National Food Acquisition Program (PAA).
3. Promotion of Culture
Handicraft is an important economic activity for indigenous families who produce it and is part of the family income composition, complementing other activities. The production of handicrafts is specially organized in Ocoy and is highly valued by tourists. The main place of commercialization is the store of the Visitor Reception Center of Itaipu.
Itaipu also establishes a partnership with the Association of Parents and Teachers of indigenous schools to strengthen indigenous education.
Main results:
  • Improvement of infrastructure through the construction of homes with electricity, water and sanitation (according to the housing model approved by the community leaders), handicraft and nutrition centers and prayer houses, as well as the adequacy of roads;
  • Strengthening of the Guarani culture, through the promotion of courses in handicrafts, basketry, clay, wood, traditional music, and dance;
  • Support for the expansion or opening of collective and family farming areas with soil preparation for planting and stimulating agricultural and livestock production by the organic system;
  • Supply of materials, animals, seedlings, and seeds;
  • Encourage the formation of partnerships between indigenous communities and cooperatives, especially for the marketing of surplus production and handicrafts;
  • Support for fishery production in net tanks;
  • Food and nutritional security programs and food supplementation, resulting in the eradication of infant mortality;
  • Overall improvement of the quality of life and promotion of socio-cultural interaction.
In the formation of the Itaipu reservoir, the resettlement of the Avá Guarani Indigenous Community was done in a strictly legal manner, surrounded by care to preserve all the rights of the settlers and always with a view to consensus, under the supervision and supervision of Funai and the monitoring of several other entities, such as the Indian Missionary Council (CIMI). The new land area chosen by the community provided better living conditions for indigenous people (housing, health, education, food, among others).
In 1977, at the time of the identification studies carried out by Funai and the other indigenous bodies, approximately 11 families composed of 27 people were located and identified in the area where the Itaipu reservoir would form. 30 hectares, on the banks of the Paraná River, between the Ocoy and Jacutinga rivers.
In 1982, at the request of FUNAI, 19 indigenous families were resettled, composed of  71 people, in an area constituted as the Ocoy Indigenous Reserve in São Miguel do Iguaçu, with approximately 250 hectares.
Years later, in 1997, and having already been resettled in an area larger than that originally identified by the legally responsible body, Itaipu acquired an area of 1,774 hectares, in the municipality of Diamante D'Oeste, constituting the Indigenous Village of Añetete.
Subsequently, in 2007, Funai acquired an area adjacent to it, with approximately 240 hectares, forming Aldeia Itamarã.
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